lamus-dworski:

Skansen (folk museum) in Chorzów, Poland. Sources of pictures: [1,2]

The Upper Silesian open-air museum is located in the picturesque landscape of the city park stretching between Katowice, Siemianowice and Chorzów.

In the structure of the open-air museum’s collection, two regions have been singled out: Zagłębie Dąbrowskie (which literally means Dąbrowa Coal Fields) and Upper Silesia, the latter further subdivided into Beskid Śląski (Silesian Beskids), the Foothills, the Pszczyna and Rybnik region, the Industrial region and the Lubliniec region. In the skansen, visitors can admire over a hundred large and small buildings, including fourteen cottages, some freestanding granaries, shrines, smithies, kilns, wells, fences, small bridges and beehives.

The museum exhibition focuses on the interesting phenomenon of interpenetration between the village and city cultures, which is typical for the regions of Upper Silesia and Zagłębie Dąbrowskie. An overwhelming majority of buildings belongs to traditional folk architecture, typical for villages and small towns, where the differences are not only regional, but also reflect the social status and profession of former owners." [read more]

lamus-dworski:

Skansen (folk museum) in Opole, Poland. Sources of pictures: [1,2,3]

The Opole Village Museum is the Opole Voivodeship’s special attraction. Assembled on a 10-hectare area in Bierkowiece near Opole, grouped into 9 farmsteads in a field planted with trees and lush vegetation, are buildings from the Opole and Olesie Regions.

The structures within the Museum have been arranged into groups which form farmsteads characteristic of the particular socio-economical strata of the local population while maintaining larger complex specificity of the Śląsk Opolski Region. 

It is worthwhile to see not only the authentic farmsteads with farm buildings and house gardens enclosed with original fences, but also a number of unique structures which always inspire the sympathy of the guests. Among these is the oldest structure in the Museum – a small wooden church from Gręboszów built in 1613. It was originally used by the Evangelical community and later by the Catholic population, to finally become a cemetery church. After the war, neglected and ruined, it found its way to the Opole Village Museum.

The water mill is another attraction, nicely incorporated into an artificial watercourse which surrounds the Museum grounds, lending the mill additional charm. It is possible to both tour and admire the building as a construction, but also to observe how the mill’s main mechanism works, which is something uncommon in an ethnographic park.

The Opole Village Museum also contains a very effective-looking inn with advertising boards for the breweries of Silesia, a pub counter and a peculiar table for playing “billiard with a mushroom”. We can learn the rules of the game from the building’s caretaker who is all but too happy to tell different stories from the life of the old inn.

Although the Museum predominantly shows the culture of the Śląsk Opolski Region, the Eastern Outskirts of Poland, ever-important for the Region, are also represented. In appreciation of the multicultural character of the Opole Region, the Bierkowice Open Air Museum has arranged an exhibition of a Borderlands cottage inhabited by emigrants from the east, who moved into the so-called Reclamed Territories after the Second World War and settled in the abandoned Silesian houses. Found inside the cottage are items brought from the east, which were oftentimes left unpacked for many years, since their owners were convinced that any day, they would be returning to their homes left in the Borderlands. Upon entering the house, visitors may take a closer look at the holy paintings hanging on the wall, the embroidered linen covering the bed, a wedding dress, and glance at the old photographs in a photo album opened on the table." [read more]

historia-polski:

Zamek Krasiczyn - Krasiczyn Castle

"Krasiczyn Castle is a Renaissance structure in Krasiczyn, Poland, located on a lowland on the right bank of the San, along the route Przemyśl-Sanok (about 10 kilometres southwest of the city of Przemysl). The castle across the centuries belonged to several noble Polish families, and was visited by many Polish kings.

The construction of the castle started in 1580, initiated by a local nobleman Stanislaw Siecienski of Siecin, who came to the area from Mazovia. Works lasted for 53 years, and the castle was not completed until 1633, by Marcin Krasicki, son of Stanisław and Voivode of Podolia, who in the meantime had changed his name. Originally, the castle was a fortified stronghold, protecting southern border of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. However, Marcin Krasicki, who was regarded as one of the most important promoter of arts in the country, turned the fortress into a sophisticated residence (palazzo in fortezza), under supervision of Italian architect, Galleazzo Appiani.  Also, he dubbed the complex Krasiczyn, after his last name. Later, a village of Krasiczyn grew near the castle, also bearing the same name. The Krasiczyn castle was built on the site of an older, wooden complex, called Sliwnica, which had probably been built in the 14th century.

Despite numerous fires and wars across the centuries, the castle’s complex has been essentially unchanged since the early 17th century. Built as a square, with walls representing all four quarters of the globe, at the corners there are four oval-shaped towers: Divine (Boska), Papal (Papieska), Royal (Krolewska), and Noble (Szlachecka). These names reflected the eternal order of the world, with four grades of authority.  The rectangular, spacious court is surrounded to the east and north by living quarters, and to the south and west by walls, adorned with attics. In the middle of the western wall, there is a square-shaped tower of the clock (Zegarowa), added by Marcin Krasicki at the beginning of the 17th century. This tower serves as a main gate, with a wall bridge over the moat. Across the centuries, the castle attracted most famous personalities of Polish history. Among visitors, there were kings Sigismund III Vasa, Wladyslaw IV Vasa, John II Casimir Vasa, and Augustus II the Strong.  Sigismund III Vasa, of whom Marcin Krasicki was a loyal supporter, visited the castle thrice. For the first time, in 1608, together with wife Constance of Austria.” Read More

Images

Fot. Mariusz Cieszewski